The tourism industry seems to believe that overtourism mainly stands in the way of continuous growth but, its impact may be an existential risk for destinations around the world. There are many examples where the cultural and natural heritage of a place is at risk, or where costs of living and real estate have substantially increased and caused a decline in quality of life. And if the scope of tourism is not to increase the residents’ quality of life, then what is it?!
The spread of overtourism could cause the loss of authenticity and imply a significant risk to the future attractiveness of a destination. Uncontrolled tourism development can cause significant damage to landscapes, seascapes, air, and water quality, as well as the living conditions of residents, causing economic inequalities and social exclusion, amongst many other issues.
The economic significance of tourism (especially in creating jobs and bringing revenue to destinations) is frequently mentioned, along with terms such as “responsible growth” and “managing growth”. The essence of this theme lies in the assumption that it is not the global travel industry’s rapid expansion that creates overtourism, but rather “bad management” of the growth momentum. This indicates a strong distribution of responsibilities.